By so doing, he investor gets a Green Card and the chance to live in the USA with his spouse and children. The only thing they can't do is vote.
Of course, it is not a simple as this but it is interesting to note that it is now being talked about by Immigration Attorneys. From their viewpoint, it makes the inbound alien much easier to deal with, if they have the money. But from a Financing perspective, it opens up a number of possibilities that simply were not there before.
Canada and Australia have similar programs, as do other countries in the world. This type of program is fairly new to the USA.
If you want to sell a business or do a project... let us help you explore the EB-5 Program to see if it can work for you.